Biomedical Engineering for Africa


Health technology innovation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including countries in Africa, falls far short of meeting the healthcare needs of these settings. The result is a heavy reliance on products and technologies imported from industrialised countries that are often not suited to, or sustainable for, LMICs.

Appropriate healthcare products for LMICs are best developed in these countries, where local knowledge and understanding of needs, context and available resources may be incorporated into designs and implementation plans. The objectives for enabling health technology development in LMICs include: 1) expanding the base of expertise through research training programmes with a problem-solving focus; 2) stimulating new knowledge, approaches and solutions by enabling innovation; and 3) integrating research communities within and across institutions to build critical mass.

The field of biomedical engineering is central to health technology innovation. This book is a response to the need for biomedical engineering capacity in Africa. It is grounded in the African context. It serves as a resource for academics and students in biomedical engineering, for those interested in entering the field in any capacity and for practitioners at every stage of product development. University leaders intent on establishing new biomedical engineering programmes or departments, may draw on the content for guidance on structuring their offerings. The book reaches beyond Africa, as it is relevant to other LMIC settings, and provides insights to guide global health initiatives focused on technology innovation.

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  • Preliminary pages
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
    T.S. Douglas, R.L. Murphy
  • Chapter 2. The Case for Biomedical Engineers in African Hospitals: A Clinician’s Point of View
    D. Atwine
  • Chapter 3. Recent Developments in Biomedical Engineering Education in Africa: A Focus on Nigeria and the University of Ibadan
    A.O. Coker, F.O. Akintayo, C.G. Achi, M.A. Odeniyi , A.O. Olorunnisola, D. Akano
  • Chapter 4. Creating a Department of Biomedical Engineering and an Undergraduate Programme – The University of Lagos Experience
    O.P. Popoola , N.K. Irurhe, O.J. Balogun , A.A. Osuntoki
  • Chapter 5. Biomedical Engineering in Ethiopia
    A. Hussein , D.A. Haile
  • Chapter 6. Biomedical Engineering and Entrepreneurship
    C.J. Diji, A.I. Shittu , O. Dakare, N. Idusuyi, F. Isaacs
  • Chapter 7. Problem Identification and Needs Assessment for Healthcare Technologies
    T. Saidi, O.O.E. Ajibola, A. Desmennu, B.R. Ojebuyi, O.A. Oladapo, O. Tade, C.G. Achi, O.J. Balogun , S.C. Nwaneri, A.I. Aiyegbusi, D.C. Umesi, A.B. James, A.O. Coker, C.J. Achenbach
  • Chapter 8. Frugal Biodesign: An approach for Developing Appropriate Medical Devices in Low-resource Settings
    S. Sivarasu
  • Chapter 9. Materials for Medical Devices
    T. Saidi, A.A. Dare, S.K. Fasogbon, O. Ewemoje, O. Anyaeche, M. Bolarinwa, O. Adetoyi, K. Adewole, O. Lawal, A.O. Coker
  • Chapter 10. User-Centred Design in a Health Innovation Course to Address Hearing Loss in the Elderly
    N. Conrad, T.E.M. Mutsvangwa, A. Doyle, T. Saidi, T.S. Douglas
  • Chapter 11. Implementing a Design Methodology: Concept for a Head Positioning Device for Hospital Beds
    O.P. Popoola , O.J. Balogun , N.K. Irurhe, O. Adesogan, K. Adewole, S.K. Fasogbon, E. Wessels, G. Beukes, S. Sivarasu
  • Chapter 12. Medical Device Concept for Burn Wound Exudate Detection
    K. Burke, A. Dai, J. Hauck, M.R. Glucksberg, A. Michael
  • Chapter 13. Infant Warming Device for Neonatal Surgery in a Low-Resource Settings
    A.O. Coker, T.A. Lawal, C.G. Achi, D. Akano , A.O. Olorunnisola, L. Cilenti, Y. Lee, J. Simkowski, F. Cummins, M.D. Doerfler, E. Glowik, R.C.C. Lu, A. Williams, M. Zeitz-Chua, I. Ikene, S. Das, D.W. Gatchell, M.R. Glucksberg, R.L. Murphy
  • Chapter 14. Needle Disposal Device for Use in Low-Resource Settings
    G. Beukes, C.G. Achi, B. Bolasodun, A. Desmennu, A. Oloyo, O. Oyebola, O. Oyewola, T. Saidi, A.O. Coker, S. Sivarasu
  • Chapter 15. An Electronically Controlled Gravity Feed Infusion Set for Intravenous Fluids
    P.N. Makobore, M. Mulerwa
  • Chapter 16. A Prototype Metabolic Cage for Rats and Mice for Biomedical Research in Nigeria
    O.A. Adejumobi , C.J. Diji, M.K.C. Sridhar, A.O. Coker, N. Idusuyi, C.G. Achi, O.O. Omotosho, T.O. Omobowale, A.O. Olorunnisola
  • Chapter 17. Biomedical Engineering Ethics
    O. Ewaleifoh, O. Adeleye, A.O. Balogun, S.O. Adetona, K.O. Soetan, S. Adeosun, A.A. Osuntoki
  • Chapter 18. Intellectual Property Protection and Commercialisation
    Y.W. Karanja, R.L. Murphy
  • Chapter 19. Medical Device Regulation in Africa
    T. Saidi, T.S. Douglas
  • Chapter 20. Healthcare Technology Management
    A. Oloyo, S.C. Nwaneri, O.A. Gbenle, F. Ipinnimo, C. Mutswangwa, A.A. Osuntoki
  • Chapter 21. Healthcare Technology Management in Zimbabwe
    C. Chimhundu
  • Chapter 22. Mobile Health for Africa
    B. Malila, T.E.M. Mutsvangwa, T.S. Douglas
  • Full monograph
    T.S. Douglas


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Author Biography

S.O. Adetona, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Lagos

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Cover Image
29 July 2019

Details about this monograph

T.S. Douglas
Division of Biomedical Engineering, University of Cape Town
A.O. Coker
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan
D.W. Gatchell
Segal Design Institute, Northwestern University
M.R. Glucksberg
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
R.L. Murphy
Center for Global Health, Northwestern University
A.A. Osuntoki
Department of Biochemistry, University of Lagos
K. Palamountain
Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
A. Williams
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
A.O. Olorunnisola
Department of Wood Products Engineering, University of Ibadan
A.A. Dare
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan
A.O. Balogun
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Lagos
O.O.E. Ajibola
Department of Systems Engineering, University of Lagos
A. Desmennu
Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan
A. Michael
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan
O. Tade
Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan
A. Oloyo
Department of Physiology, University of Lagos
O. Adesogan
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan
O.A. Adejumobi
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan
E. Wessels
Division of Biomedical Engineering, University of Cape Town
A. Doyle
Division of Biomedical Engineering, University of Cape Town
O. Adeleye
Department of Systems Engineering, University of Lagos
E. Glowik
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
A. Dai
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University
O. Ewemoje
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan
F. Isaacs
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Cape Town
A. Hussein 
Center of Biomedical Engineering, Addis Ababa University
F. Ipinnimo
Department of Systems Engineering, University of Lagos
A.I. Shittu
Department of Economics, University of Lagos
O. Oyebola
Department of Physics, University of Lagos
F.O. Akintayo
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ibadan